Dentists today accept that the best teeth are your own, and they want to ensure you do not lose any of them. Successful root canal treatment lets you keep your original tooth. The only other possibility is to have your tooth removed.
Keeping your tooth helps to prevent your other teeth from drifting out of line and causing jaw issues or gum disease. Saving a natural tooth avoids having to substitute it with either a bridge or an implant.
Also referred to as endodontics, root canal treatment is the process of removing the infected, injured or dead pulp from a tooth.
Teeth are made up of 3 hard layers; Enamel, Dentin & Cementum
There’s a space within the hard layers of each tooth. It is called the root canal system and it’s filled with soft dental pulp made from nerves and arteries that may help the tooth grow and develop. Once a tooth is fully-grown, it can exist without a pulp. If the pulp of a tooth gets infected, a root canal is needed. When this treatment is performed, this pulp is removed.
During your regular check-up, your dentist checks for infection and damage to teeth, although you may not notice any sign of tooth difficulty. If a problem is spotted and you need a root canal, your dentist may do it, or refer you to a dental specialist additional training in this area. These root canal specialists are called Endodontists.If you happen to notice a problem with a tooth, do not wait until it stings. Call your dentist as quickly as you injure a tooth or notice a hole or loose filling. If you get attention quickly, there is a better possibility that damage can be averted and the tooth saved.
The pulp inside a tooth can be damaged by cracks in the tooth, deep cavities or accidents. Germs or bacteria can get into the tooth and lead straight to infected tooth pulp. This situation may lead to pain and / or swelling. Often, the pulp becomes infected or dies, but doesn’t cause any pain.
Sometimes, if a great deal of dental work is required, your dentist can tell from your exam and x-rays that the pulp of a tooth is not very likely to survive. In all of these cases, root canal treatment can ease or forestall symptoms, and save the tooth.
An affiliate of the dental team will place a rubber dam round the tooth. This dam protects the tooth from germs in your saliva while the work is being done.
Your dentist or endodontist may give you “freezing”.
Your dentist or endodontist will make a little opening in the tooth to reach the root canal system and the damaged pulp.
Your dentist will take out the pulp by cleaning and enlarging the root canal system with extremely fine dental tools (or instruments).
Then he or she will fill and seal the root canal with a rubber-like material (called gutta-percha) after it has been cleaned.
Your dentist or endodontist will seal the opening of the tooth with either a transient or permanent filling.
Root canal treatment may be finished in one appointment, or it may take two or more visits. It depends on the intricacy of the root canal system and on the degree of pulp damage. Sometimes, if the infection has spread from the tooth to the bone (or pustule), the infection might have to be drained before the root can be filled.
After root canal treatment, your tooth could be tender for one or two weeks. Horrible agony or swelling aren’t common. If the discomfort is severe, call your dentist or endodontist.
After a root canal, your tooth must be fixed to look, feel and work as very similar to a natural tooth as practical. Your dentist may add a filling or a crown to revive your tooth. It is dependent on the stability of the part of the tooth that is left. A back tooth will likely need a crown, because gnawing puts a great deal of force on back teeth. If not enough of the tooth remains after treatment; your dentist may use a post to help hold the crown on. A tooth, which has become dark might be bleached, crowned or covered with a veneer.
It is still possible to get a cavity or gum illness after a root canal. It does not defend your tooth from other types of damage.